Recently Nepal was ranked the last for air-quality among 180 countries, according to the environmental performance index (EPI) report. Air pollution is a leading threat to public health in many countries. Many of us know air pollution can cause damage to respiratory problems but there is increasing evidence that inhalation of air pollution not only directly damages the lung, but also has a wide range of effects on other organs. Some of them listed below:
- Exposure during pregnancy can cause low birth weight of a child with various developmental defect.
- Behavioral function also appears to be a target of the toxic effects of air pollutant.
- A positive association between diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). People with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.
- Deficits in short-term memory, impaired spatial learning ability
- Induce cardiovascular and exacerbate respiratory problems such as asthma hypertension.
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASDs) is also caused by exposure during pregnancy to air pollution resulting in communication, social interaction and behavioral changes in child.
So, we need to protect our health from air pollution.